Please note: Our master watchmakers have inspected and confirmed the authenticity of this item. Since it is a pre-owned item, we do not know the entire service history and if items or parts have been modified from its original production. This item has been expertly re-polished, reconditioned, serviced and made to look its best. We are sure you will be happy with this lovely timepiece. Certificate of Authenticity is available upon request for additional $25.